Marine Ecosystem Health and Human Well-Being (MarWeB)

Click on this image MarWeb see how the MarWeB project is currently linked to PICES expert groups

Progress is being made internationally on an ecosystem approach to the management of marine systems, in particular as applied to ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM; FAO 2003; Hollowed et al. 2011). PICES has contributed to this progress and explored regional applications to the North Pacific, through the activities of the ecosystem based management Study Group and Working Group reports (Jamieson et al. 2005; 2010). Recent initiatives have expanded the concept of ecosystem approaches to include people in what have been called coupled marine social-ecological systems (e.g., De Young et al. 2008; Ommer et al. 2011). PICES has also contributed to these initiatives (Makino and Fluharty 2011) and has recently formed a focus expert group to develop the human dimensions to marine ecosystems within the organization (Section on Human Dimensions, S-HD). The second PICES integrative science program, FUTURE (Forecasting and Understanding Trends, Uncertainty and Responses of North Pacific Marine Ecosystems), also has significant activities and strong linkages with ecosystems and people, through its Advisory Panels on Anthropogenic Influences on Coastal Ecosystems (AP-AICE) and on Status, Outlooks, Forecasts and Engagement (AP-SOFE).

Very recently, the concept of human well-being within marine social-ecological systems has become recognized as an important step forward (Coulthard et al. 2011; Charles 2012). Well-being shifts the perspective from objective measures of sustainable livelihoods (comprised of the physical, social, human, natural, and financial resources available to a community or country) to include the subjective or perceived well-being of individuals and communities. This represents a shift from people as exploiters of the ocean to people as integral components of resource sustainability and ecosystem health (Coulthard et al. 2011; Charles 2012). Therefore, taking account of the dynamics of livelihoods and application of well-being can help in the development of policies supporting sustainable and resilient marine social-ecological systems (Charles 2012).

The Japanese concept of Sato-umi represents one version of this humans-in-nature approach, in which a healthy ecosystem is seen to nourish human well-being, but human activities are seen as necessary for sustaining ecosystem health. Sato means community or village, and umi means sea. Therefore, Sato-umi refers to marine environments that have long-standing relationships with human communities, and in which human interactions have resulted in high marine productivity and biodiversity (Makino 2011, p. 126; Makino and Fluharty 2011; see also the Japan Sub-Global Assessments conducted by UN University and the Convention on Biological Diversity CBD Technical Series #61). One example is the sea grass re-establishment and recovery activities undertaken by local community members near Yokohama. Similar types of sea grass and kelp restoration activities have been proposed by local communities in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. The Japanese government has undertaken integrated studies to assess the contributions of social, cultural, economic, and ecological aspects in “Sato-umi” type projects in Japan.

Project formation and funding support

In December 2011, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) of Japan, through the Fisheries Agency of Japan (JFA), approved funding for a 5-year PICES project on “Marine ecosystem health and human well-being”. The project began in April 2012, and is expected to be completed by March 31, 2017. This contribution is from the Official Development Assistance (ODA) Fund of Japan and therefore, involvement of developing Pacific Rim countries in activities is required under this project.

The project is directed by a Project Science Team, currently co-chaired by Drs. Mitsutaku Makino (Fisheries Research Agency, Japan, mmakino@affrc.go.jp) and Ian Perry (Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ian.Perry@dfo-mpo.gc.ca). The Co-Chairmen of the Project Science Team serve as the Project Scientific Coordinators and are responsible for reporting annually to the PICES Science Board on the scientific implementation of the project.

Project goal

The project goal is to identify the relationships between sustainable human communities and productive marine ecosystems in the North Pacific, under the concept of fishery social-ecological systems. In Japan, this concept attracts attention as the “Sato-umi” fisheries management system. It recognizes that global changes are affecting both climate and human social and economic conditions.
Key questions of the project are:
(a) How do marine ecosystems support human well-being? and
(b) How do human communities support sustainable and productive marine ecosystems?
The project is also intended to foster partnerships with non-PICES member countries and related international organizations and programs.


Annual Progress Reports

2016, Progress Report, Year 4 (Apr. 2015 - Mar. 2016) [download]
2015, Progress Report, Year 3 (Apr. 2014 - Mar. 2015) [download]
2014, Progress Report, Year 2 (Apr. 2013 - Mar. 2014) [download]
2013, Progress Report, Year 1 (Apr. 2012 - Mar. 2013) [download]

Annual Financial Reports
2016, Financial Report, Year 4 (Apr. 2015 - Mar. 2016) [download]
2015, Financial Report, Year 3 (Apr. 2014 - Mar. 2015) [download]
2014, Financial Report, Year 2 (Apr. 2013 - Mar. 2014) [download]
2013, Financial Report, Year 1 (Apr. 2012 - Mar. 2013) [download]
Project Science Team Meeting
April 2014, Fourth PICES-MAFF Project Team Meeting Report, DRAFT [download]
October 2013, Third PICES-MAFF Project Science Team Meeting Report [download]
June 2013, Second PICES-MAFF Project Science Team Meeting Report [download]
October 2012, First PICES-MAFF Project Science Team Meeting Report [download]
March 2013, PICES-MAFF Project Indonesia Workshop Report [download]

Summer 2015, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 28-30 [download]
A psychological perspective on “Human Well-Being"

Summer 2015, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 31 [download]
A good relationship between local communities and seafood diversity

Summer 2013, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 26-28 [download]
New PICES MAFF-Sponsored Project on “Marine Ecosystem Health and Human Well-Being

Summer 2013, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 18-19 [download]
PICES-MAFF Project on Marine Ecosystem Health and Human Well-Being: Indonesia Workshop


Charles, A. 2012
People, oceans and scale: Governance, livelihoods and climate change adaptation in marine social-ecological systems. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4: 351-357.

Coulthard, S., Johnson, D., McGregor, J.A. 2011
Poverty, sustainability and human wellbeing: A social wellbeing approach to the global fisheries crisis. Global Environmental Change, 21: 453-463.

De Young, C., Charles, A., Hjort, A. 2008
Human dimensions of the ecosystem approach to fisheries: an overview of context, concepts, tools and methods. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 489. FAO, Rome.

FAO. 2003
The ecosystem approach to fisheries. Issues, terminology, principles, institutional foundations, implementation and outlook. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 443. Rome 71 pp.

Hollowed, A.B., Aydin, K.Y., Essington, T.E., et al. 2011
Experience with quantitative ecosystem assessment tools in the northeast Pacific. Fish and Fisheries, 12: 189-208.

Jamieson, G. and Zhang, C.-I. (Eds.) 2005
Report of the Study Group on Ecosystem-Based Management Science and its Application to the North Pacific. PICES Scientific Report No. 29, 77 pp.

Jamieson, G., Livingston, P., Zhang, C.I. (Eds.) 2010
Report of Working Group 19 on Ecosystem-based Management Science and its Application to the North Pacific. PICES Scientific Report No. 37, 166 pp.

Makino, M. 2011
Fisheries Management in Japan. Springer, Heidelberg, 200 pp.

Makino, M., Fluharty, D. (Eds.) 2011
Report of the Study Group on Human Dimensions. PICES Scientific Report No. 39, 40 pp.

Ommer, R.E., Perry, R.I., Cochrane, K. and Cury, P. (Eds.) 2011
World Fisheries: a Social-Ecological Analysis. Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Series, Wiley-Blackwells, Oxford.

Project Science Team Members
Dr. Harold (Hal) P. Batchelder
PICES Secretariat
North Pacific Marine Science Organization
c/o Institute of Ocean Sciences
P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
Phone: (250) 363-6826
Fax: (250) 363-6827
Email: hbatch@pices.int
Dr. Grant Murray
Institute for Coastal Research
Vancouver Island University
900 Fifth Street
Nanaimo, British Columbia
Canada Nanaimo, BC V9R 5S5
Phone: (250) 740-6549
Fax: (250) 740-6256
E-mail: grant.murray@viu.ca

Dr. Keith R. Criddle
Fisheries Division
University of Alaska, Fairbanks
17101 Pt. Lena Loop Rd.
Juneau, AK
U.S.A. 99801
Phone: (1-907) 796-5449
Fax: (1-907) 796-5447
E-mail: kcriddle@alaska.edu

Prof. Jongoh Nam
Fisheries Policy Research Division of Korea
Maritime Institute (KMI) Ph.D. Env. & Nat. Resource Economics
Phone: 82-2-2105-4935
Fax: 82-2-2105-4939
E-mail: namjo1234@hanmail.net

Ms. Juri Hori
Department of Psychology
Rikkyo University
1-2-26 Kitano, Niiza-shi
Japan 352-8558
Phone: (81-48) 471-6956
Fax: (81-48) 471-7164
E-mail: jhori@rikkyo.ac.jp
Dr. Ian Perry
Project Co-Chairman
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Pacific Biological Station
3190 Hammond Bay Rd.
Nanaimo, BC
Canada V9T 6N7
Phone: (1-250) 756-7137
Fax: (1-250) 756-7053
E-mail: Ian.Perry@dfo-mpo.gc.ca

Dr. Masahito Hirota
National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, FRA
2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama , Kanagawa
Japan 236-8648
Phone: (81-45) 788-7674
Fax: (81-45) 788-7674
E-mail: mmhirota@affrc.go.jp

Dr. Thomas W. Therriault
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Pacific Biological Station
3190 Hammond Bay Rd.
Nanaimo, BC
Canada V9T 6N7
Phone: (1-250) 756-7394
Fax: (1-250) 756-7138
E-mail: Thomas.Therriault@dfo-mpo.gc.ca

Prof. Charles Trick
Schulich School of Medicine
University of Western Ontario
Biology Room 402 North Campus Bldg 1151 Richmond St. N.
London , ON
Canada N6A 5B7
Phone: (1-519) 661-3899
Fax: (1-519) 661-3935
E-mail: trick@uwo.ca

Dr. Vera L. Trainer
Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC), NMFS, NOAA
2725 Montlake Blvd. East
Seattle, WA
U.S.A. 98112
Phone: (1-206) 860-6788
Fax: (1-206) 860-3335
E-mail: Vera.L.Trainer@noaa.gov

Prof. Suam Kim
Department of Marine Biology
Pukyong National University
599-1 Daeyeon-3dong, Nam-gu
Korea, R 608-737
Phone: (82-51) 629-5923
Fax: (82-51) 629-5923
E-mail: suamkim@pknu.ac.kr

Dr. Mark L. Wells
School of Marine Sciences
University of Maine
5741 Libby Hall
Orono, ME
U.S.A. 04469
Phone: (1-207) 581-4322
Fax: (1-207) 581-4388
E-mail: mlwells@maine.edu

Dr. Mitsutaku Makino
Project Co-Chairman
Fisheries Research Agency
2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-8648
Phone: (81-45) 788-7615
Fax: (81-45) 788-5001
E-mail: mmakino@affrc.go.jp


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